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msys.db.execute — Execute a query that is not expected to return data



success, errmsg = msys.db.execute(cachename, query, queryparams, options);

cachename: string
query: string
queryparams: table (optional)
options: table (optional)


Execute a query that is not expected to return data. The parameters are as follows:

  • cachename – Name of the datasource cache to be queried

  • query – Query to be presented to the cache

    The query may use placeholder characters in the form :name, ?, or $name depending on the underlying driver. If the ? placeholder is used, then queryparams must be a table with numeric keys, with index 1 corresponding to the first ? in the query string. Otherwise, the keys must be string keys with names that match up to the defined parameters. For instance, $name or :name expect to find a parameter in the table using the key name; the leading $ or : is removed before looking up the value.

  • queryparams – Lua table object with parameters to bind into the query


    The SQL standard requires the use of the "IS [NOT] NULL" syntax in a predicate for matching against NULL. A predicate "field_name = ?" would result in an error if a query parameter is NULL. A Lua nil is equivalent to an SQL NULL.

  • options – Lua table object containing additional options that affect this query

    If options is specified, it must be a table. The following options are permitted:

    • nocache – Boolean value. If set to true, bypass the cache and force the query to be presented to the underlying datasource.

    • raise_error – Boolean value. If set to true, raise an exception (lua_error) on error containing the error string. Default value is true.

Enable this function with the statement require('msys.db'); and also include the statement require('msys.datasource');.

This function returns the following:

  • If query succeeds – Returns true.

  • If query fails and raise_error is set to false – Returns false indicating query faliure and errmsg indicating what failed.

  • If the query fails and raise_error is set to true – Raises an exception.

The idiom for issuing a query and working with the results is:


local success, errmsg;
local cache, query, raise_error;

  success, errmsg = msys.db.execute (cache, query, nil, { raise_error = false });
  if (success == true) then
    print ("Query succeeded");
  elseif (success == false) then
    print ("Query failed: " .. errmsg);
    print ("Unknown state");


The data cache used in the preceding example must be defined in your configuration file. For more information, see “ds_core - Datasource Query Core”.

See Also

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